Feeding needs to be learned | Baby Eating Food Wish of every Parent
What is feeding and eating disorders?
What are all the different types of eating disorders?
What is a rumination disorder?
What is a night eating syndrome?
How common is rumination disorder?
What is ruminative thinking?
Toddler eating disorders overeating
Does your toddler have an eating disorder
Child eating disorders treatment
Pediatricians and psychologists already report in infants and toddlers increasingly disturbed eating habits. But most guides and brochures only tell you what to eat. But not about the right how.
Leon is 12 months old. A few weeks ago, he fidgeted while eating and ripped the spoon from his mother’s hand. He persistently refused to open his mouth. Desperately his mother tried to stuff at least half a glass spoonful into his mouth. Each meal became a torture for Leon and his mother. Finally, he completely refused the meals.
Such and similar eating disorders show about 15-25 percent of all healthy infants and toddlers. They drink or eat very slowly, are extremely picky or throw the plate off the table. Many romp or negotiate with the parents about the portion to eat, others simply fall asleep while eating. If the parents find the situation difficult and stressful for at least one month, experts talk about a feeding disorder. In contrast to an eating disorder in older children and adults, the term feeding disorder illustrates that this is an interaction between child and parent. Because the relationship and communication with mother and father often plays a decisive role.
The causes and symptoms of eating/feeding
The causes and symptoms of eating/feeding disorders are complex. Possible organic causes include acute illness, intolerance to certain foods or impaired oral motor skills. Non-organic reasons are much more difficult to grasp, ranging from the child’s temperament, to parental attachment disorders, to parental conflicts. The problems gradually build up or appear suddenly, for example, after illness, surgery or stress experiences such as separations. The children suddenly eat less, refuse to eat or vomit the meal.
Preterm and underweight children are more likely to be affected by such disorders. If the baby drinks less, the parents quickly become afraid that their baby is not developing properly. Saturation signals of the child are not perceived or passed over. Distractions and tricks should help to increase the amount of drink and food. Ultimately, this means that the infant is forced to drink. The child reacts with refusal to eat. A vicious circle begins.
“As a rule, the child denies food offered to achieve something pleasurable or to avoid something unpleasant,” explains Beatrice Cosmovici, psychological assistant at the Children’s Center Munich. For example, try to give the child more attention or favorite food. Or it responds to the forced feeding of food or an emotionally strained feeding situation with rejection. “The mother does everything to overcome the denial by distracting, playing the clown, feeding with pressure or coercion, or even bringing out the favorite food,” says Cosmovici, who advises parents on feeding disorders. A feeding disorder becomes necessary at the latest when weight loss and failure to thrive aggravate the situation. In extreme cases, this can lead to savage.
Compulsion while eating or feeding aggravates the problems
Well over one third of all parents find their children’s eating habits problematic, at least in the short term. Most of these are temporary problems, such as appetite fluctuations or aversions that are quite normal. What matters is how parents interpret and respond to the child’s behavior in this situation. Behind the sentence, “My child does not want to eat,” almost always hides: “My child does not eat what I want or not as much as I expect.” Most parents are highly motivated to feed their baby healthily. They inform themselves and seek support in the countless guidebooks on baby and toddler nutrition. They are primarily dedicated to what, how much and at what time.
For example, breastfed children often do not accept solid food and spoon feeding until eight months or later. Many mothers are confused: the baby is not behaving according to plan, the child of the friend drinks much more and the doctor determines that the weight is in the lower range. This puts the parents under pressure, which they pass on to the child while feeding. The well-intended intention makes it easy to forget that with every sip and every bite that goes into the mouth against a “no”, something is imposed on the child. Also, any play and distraction in eating ultimately leads to manipulating the child and overcoming the rejection. Every kind of coercion and pressure takes on the desire, bit by bit, to even deal with the food. The confidence
Every Child Eats Differently
How different the amount that a baby needs to grow and thrive can be seen from an investigation by the Research Institute for Child Nutrition in Dortmund. After that, some babies drink 600 milliliters of milk per day, while others need more than 900 milliliters at the same age. Any comparison with other children about appetite and amount of food says so nothing about the thriving of your own child. Instead, parents should look at how satisfied and active the offspring is. Whether weight and height develop in the normal range, the pediatrician can assess in the context of the usual preventive care. Weighing in everyday life is unnecessary and unsettled only.
The attitudes to food that parents have internalized are inevitably reflected in their behavior towards the child. If they control their own eating habits strongly, they will also transfer that to their child. If they are predominantly on the go and eat irregularly, the child can not get used to regular mealtimes. Not infrequently, the toddler gets the plate put down, while the mother tidies up the kitchen or the father turns on the TV.
Relaxed discover the food | Baby feeding problems and
If a child is chattering and eating while eating, there may be too much unrest in the room. Create a relaxed atmosphere while eating without time pressure.
Do not feed casually. Your child learns the food best when eating together at the family table.
Some kids just like lumpy food. I am sure, they can perceive food better.
Leave the spoon to your child if they want to eat, even if more is wrong at first than walking in the mouth. This promotes desire and independence while eating.
Never put a spoon into your child’s mouth if it does not open it voluntarily. Your child decides if and how much it will eat from the offer.
If your child rejects a particular food, just accept it. Offer the food a few days or weeks later, possibly prepared differently, again.
Persuade and never force your child to eat. That reinforces the dislike.
It is difficult to resist a whining child, let alone to survive a fit of rage calmly and determinedly without yielding. This requires your own conviction, security and a healthy dose of serenity. If such situations occur, then some mothers will soon be at the end of their power. This reinforces the tendency to give the little ones what they just feel like doing. To respect the child with his wishes and needs does not mean to give in to his will and desire in every moment. Children need rules and structures prescribed by their parents in order to find their way around. It is important to be clear about who is responsible for what while eating.Feeding disorders in infants and toddlers diagnosis and treatment is also similar to this.
Children decide how much they eat
The parents determine what, when and how to come to the table. The child may choose freely from the offer. It decides if and how much it eats. This means that the parents choose the food, determine the quality of the food and the time when it is served. Even toddlers can be expected to wait a while for food. But to be responsible for the selection also means the compromises that the parents grant themselves and other family members, as well as the youngest member of the family. If the parents do not want their child to eat hazelnut cream and sausages, they should not even buy such products.
The nutritional habits and the eating habits of the parents or the family provide the playing field, in the demarcation of which the offspring can discover their own taste preferences. If the parents themselves have breakfast, lunch and dinner, they automatically bring their child to regular meals. The best way should be wholesome food such as potatoes, vegetables, whole grains & Co. for the whole family on the table. It will also be much easier for worried parents to accept their child’s choice. Parents can trust their child to take whatever they need.
Today, Leon sits expectantly at lunch in a high chair at the table. The rest of the family has gathered for dinner. Instead of a glass of food, Leon prefers to eat what the big ones get. With much peace and patience, his mother has managed to relieve him of the pressure of eating and to provide a relaxed atmosphere at the dining table.
Parents need to have division of responsibility in child feeding practices.